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Functional and transcriptional characterization of a barley mutant with impaired photosynthesis

AuthorsCórdoba, Javier ; Molina-Cano, José Luis; Martínez-Carrasco, Rafael ; Morcuende, Rosa ; Pérez Pérez, Pilar
KeywordsHordeum vulgare
Gene expression
Primary metabolism
Issue DateMar-2016
CitationPlant Science 244: 19-30 (2016)
AbstractChemical mutagenesis induces variations that may assist in the identification of targets for adaptation to growth under atmospheric CO2 enrichment. The aim of this work was to characterize the limitations causing reduced photosynthetic capacity in G132 mutagenized barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Graphic) grown in a glasshouse. Compared to the wild type (WT) G132 showed increased transcript levels for the PSII light harvesting complex, but lower levels of chlorophyll, transcripts for protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase A and psbQ, and PSII quantum efficiency in young leaves. Rubisco limitation had an overriding influence on G132 photosynthesis, and was due to strong and selective decreases in Rubisco protein and activity. These reductions were accompanied by enhanced Rubisco transcripts, but increased levels of a Rubisco degradation product. G132 showed lower levels of carbohydrates, amino acids and corresponding transcripts, and proteins, but not of nitrate. Many of the measured parameters recovered in the mutant as development progressed, or decreased less than in the WT, indicating that senescence was delayed. G132 had a longer growth period than the WT and similar final plant dry matter. The reduced resource investment in Rubisco of G132 may prove useful for studies on barley adaptation to elevated CO2 and climate change.
Description46 páginas, 3 figuras, 6 tablas, 3 tablas suplementarias, 2 figuras suplementarias. -- The definitive version is available at http://www.elsevier.com
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2015.12.006
Appears in Collections:(IRNASA) Artículos
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