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Título

Triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry: A real alternative to high resolution magnetic sector instrument for the analysis of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, furans and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls

AutorGarcía-Bermejo, Ángel ; Ábalos, Manuela; Sauló, Jordi; Abad, Esteban; González, María José; Gómara, Belén
Palabras claveFoodstuffs
Triple quadrupole mass spectrometry
Environmental samples
Gas chromatography
Dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorElsevier
CitaciónAnalytica Chimica Acta 889: 156-165 (2015)
ResumenThis paper reports on the optimisation, characterisation, validation and applicability of gas chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole mass spectrometry in its tandem operation mode (GC-QqQ(MS/MS) for the quantification of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs, dioxins) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) in environmental and food matrices. MS/MS parameters were selected to achieve the high sensitivity and selectivity required for the analysis of this type of compounds and samples. Good repeatability for areas (RSD = 1-10%, for PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs) and for ion transition ratios (RSD = 0.3-10%, for PCDD/Fs, and 0.2-15%, for DL-PCBs) and low instrumental limits of detection, 0.07-0.75 pg μL<sup>-1</sup> (for dioxins) and 0.05-0.63 pg μL<sup>-1</sup> (for DL-PCBs), were obtained. A comparative study of the congener specific determination using both GC-QqQ(MS/MS) and gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (GC-HRMS) was also performed by analysing several fortified samples and certified reference materials (CRMs) with low (feed and foodstuffs), median (sewage sludge) and high (fly ash) toxic equivalency (TEQ) concentration levels, i.e. 0.60, 1.83, 72.9 and 3609 pg WHO-TEQ(PCDD/Fs) g<sup>-1</sup>. The agreement between the results obtained for the total TEQs (dioxins) on GC-QqQ(MS/MS) and GC-HRMS in all the investigated samples were within the range of ±4%, and that of DL-PCBs at concentration levels of 0.84 pg WHO-TEQs (DL-PCBs) g<sup>-1</sup>, in the case of feedstuffs, was 0.11%. Both instrumental methods have similar and comparable linearity, precision and accuracy. The GC-QqQ(MS/MS) sensitivity, lower than that of GC-HRMS, is good enough (iLODs in the down to low pg levels) to detect the normal concentrations of these compounds in food and environmental samples. These results make GC-QqQ(MS/MS) suitable for the quantitative analysis of dioxins and DL-PCBs and a real alternative tool to the reference sector HRMS instruments.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2015.07.039
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/128628
DOI10.1016/j.aca.2015.07.039
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.aca.2015.07.039
issn: 0003-2670
e-issn: 1873-4324
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