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The production and physicochemical properties of a biosurfactant mixture obtained from Sphingobacterium detergens

AutorBurgos-Díaz, César; Pons, Ramon; Teruel, José Antonio; Aranda, Francisco José; Ortíz, António José; Manresa, A.; Marqués, Ana María
Palabras claveζ-Potential
Lamellar phases
Sphingobacterium detergens
X-ray scattering
Fecha de publicación1-mar-2013
EditorAcademic Press
CitaciónJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
ResumenThe commercial application of a new biosurfactant such as the one produced by Sphingobacterium detergens needs a cost-effective process and knowledge of its properties. In the present study, a specific medium and a downstream process have been developed to enhance biosurfactant production. Optimal concentrations of nutrients in MCA medium were (g/L) the following: KH2PO4, 1; K2HPO4, 2; CO(NH2)2 0.88; CaCl2 0.01; FeSO4·7H2O, 0.01; MgSO4·7H2O 0.5; KCl, 1.0; trace elements 0.05mL. Biosurfactant production in the MCA medium required a bacterial co-metabolism of glucose and an n-alkane. A fed-batch culture with supernatant lyophilization prior to organic extraction produced 466mg/L of organic extract, which represents a 6.9-fold increase in production. The newly obtained biosurfactant was a complex mixture of molecules. The three characterized fractions consisted of the complete fraction and two second-level purification fractions with apolar and polar characteristics. The complete and apolar fractions have been shown to self-aggregate in the form of lamellar liquid crystals at a high concentration and bilayers at lower concentrations. Negatively charged particles were identified, which were neutralized at a low pH with a concomitant increase in size. The pH affected the surface tension of the solutions congruently with phosphate headgroups.
Versión del editorhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021979712013926
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2012.12.017
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