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Translation without eiF2 promoted by poliovirus 2A protease

AutorRedondo, Natalia ; Sanz, Miguel Ángel ; Welnowska, Ewelina ; Carrasco Llamas, Luis
Fecha de publicación7-oct-2011
EditorPublic Library of Science
CitaciónPLoS ONE 6 (2011)
ResumenPoliovirus RNA utilizes eIF2 for the initiation of translation in cell free systems. Remarkably, we now describe that poliovirus translation takes place at late times of infection when eIF2 is inactivated by phosphorylation. By contrast, translation directed by poliovirus RNA is blocked when eIF2 is inactivated at earlier times. Thus, poliovirus RNA translation exhibits a dual mechanism for the initiation of protein synthesis as regards to the requirement for eIF2. Analysis of individual poliovirus non-structural proteins indicates that the presence of 2Apro alone is sufficient to provide eIF2 independence for IRES-driven translation. This effect is not observed with a 2Apro variant unable to cleave eIF4G. The level of 2Apro synthesized in culture cells is crucial for obtaining eIF2 independence. Expression of the N-or C-terminus fragments of eIF4G did not stimulate IRES-driven translation, nor provide eIF2 independence, consistent with the idea that the presence of 2Apro at high concentrations is necessary. The finding that 2Apro provides eIF2-independent translation opens a new and unsuspected area of research in the field of picornavirus protein synthesis. © 2011 Redondo et al.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/128499
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0025699
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025699
issn: 1932-6203
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