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Título

Aromatase expression in the human temporal cortex

AutorGarcía-Yagüe, Josué ; Muñoz Céspedes, Alberto ; Monasterio-Schrader, P. de; Felipe, Javier de ; García-Segura, Luis M. ; Azcoitia, I.
Palabras claveAstrocytes
Calcium-binding proteins
Estradiol
Interneurons
Pyramidal neurons
Fecha de publicación19-ene-2006
EditorInternational Brain Research Organization
Elsevier
CitaciónNeuroscience 138(2): 389-401 (2006)
ResumenThe expression of the human cyp19 gene, encoding P450 aromatase, the key enzyme for estrogen biosynthesis, involves alternative splicing of multiple forms of exon I regulated by different promoters. Aromatase expression has been detected in the human cerebral cortex, although the precise cellular distribution and promoter regulation are not fully characterized. We examined the variants of exon I of cyp19 by PCR analysis and the cellular distribution of the enzyme using immunohistochemistry in the human temporal cortex. We detected four different variants of exon I, suggesting a complex regulation of cyp19 in the cerebral cortex. In addition, the enzyme was localized mainly in a large subpopulation of pyramidal neurons and in a subpopulation of astrocytes. However, the majority of GABAergic interneurons identified by their expression of the calcium-binding proteins calbindin, calretinin and parvalbumin, did not display aromatase immunoreactivity. The broad range of potential modulators of the cyp19 gene in the cortex and the widespread expression of the protein in specific neuronal and glial subpopulations suggest that local estrogen formation may play an important role in human cortical function.
Descripción13 pages, 8 figures, 2 tables.-- PMID: 16426763 [PubMed].
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2005.11.054
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/12838
DOI10.1016/j.neuroscience.2005.11.054
ISSN0306-4522
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