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Dimensional flow in discrete quantum geometries

AutorCalcagni, Gianluca ; Oriti Daniele; Thürigen, Johannes
Fecha de publicación20-abr-2015
EditorAmerican Physical Society
CitaciónPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 91: 084047 (2015)
Resumen© 2015 American Physical Society. In various theories of quantum gravity, one observes a change in the spectral dimension from the topological spatial dimension d at large length scales to some smaller value at small, Planckian scales. While the origin of such a flow is well understood in continuum approaches, in theories built on discrete structures a firm control of the underlying mechanism is still missing. We shed some light on the issue by presenting a particular class of quantum geometries with a flow in the spectral dimension, given by superpositions of states defined on regular complexes. For particular superposition coefficients parametrized by a real number 0<α<d, we find that the spatial spectral dimension reduces to dS≃α at small scales. The spatial Hausdorff dimension of such class of states varies between 1 and d, while the walk dimension takes the usual value dW=2. Therefore, these quantum geometries may be considered as fractal only when α=1, where the >magic number> DS≃2 for the spectral dimension of spacetime, appearing so often in quantum gravity, is reproduced as well. These results apply, in particular, to special superpositions of spin-network states in loop quantum gravity, and they provide more solid indications of dimensional flow in this approach.
Descripción11 pags.; 6 figs.; PACS numbers: 04.60.-m, 04.60.Pp
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.91.084047
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1103/PhysRevD.91.084047
issn: 1550-2368
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