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Título

Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load are positively associated with risk of developing metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and elderly adults

AutorJuanola-Falgarona, M.; Salas-Salvadõ, J.; Buil-Cosiales, P.; Corella, D.; Estruch, R.; Ros, E.; Fitõ, M.; Recondo, J.; Gõmez-Gracia, E.; Fiol, M.; Lapetra, J.; Lamuela-Raventõs, R.M.; Serra-Majem, L.; Pintõ, X.; Muñoz, M.A.; Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Valentina ; Alfredo Martínez, J.; Castro-Quezada, I.; Bullõ, M.
Palabras claveMetabolic syndrome
Cardiovascular disease
PREDIMED
Glycemic index
Glycemic load
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorJohn Wiley & Sons
CitaciónJournal of the American Geriatrics Society 63: 1991- 2000 (2015)
Resumen© 2015, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2015, The American Geriatrics Society. Objectives To evaluate how glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) are associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its features in middle-aged and elderly adults at high cardiovascular risk. Design Prospective, longitudinal, population-based cohort. Setting PREvenciõn con DIeta MEDiterránea study. Participants Men and women (N = 6,606) divided into three age groups (<65, 65-74, ≥75). Measurements Energy and nutrient intake was evaluated using a validated 137-item food frequency questionnaire. MetS and its features were defined in accordance with the criteria of the American Heart Association and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Results A positive association was observed between GI and MetS prevalence in the youngest and middle age groups for participants without diabetes mellitus, but no relationship was found for those with diabetes mellitus. During the median follow-up of 4.8 years, higher GI and GL were related to greater risk of MetS in the middle age group, independent of the presence of diabetes mellitus. Changes in dietary GI were associated with risk of developing the high fasting glucose component of the MetS in the oldest age category, and changes in dietary GL were associated with risk of developing abdominal obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high blood pressure in the youngest age category. Conclusion Dietary GI and GL have a potential role in the development of MetS and associated clinical features, with particular age-dependent considerations.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/128284
DOI10.1111/jgs.13668
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1111/jgs.13668
issn: 1532-5415
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