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The challenge of conserving amphibian megadiversity in Madagascar

AuthorsAndreone, Franco; Carpenter, Angus I.; Cox, Neil; Preez, Louis du; Freeman, Karen; Furrer, Samuel; García, Gerardo; Glaw, Frank; Glos, Julian; Knox, David; Köhler, Jörn; Mendelson III, Joseph R.; Mercurio, Vincenzo; Mittermeier, Russell A.; Moore, Robin D.; Rabibisoa, Nirhy H. C.; Randriamahazo, Herilala; Randrianasolo, Harison; Raminosoa, Noromalala R.; Ramilijaona, Olga R.; Raxworthy, Christopher J.; Vallan, Denis; Vences, Miguel; Vieites, David R. ; Weldon, Ché
KeywordsAmphibian fauna
Global Amphibian Assessment (GAA)
Endemic species
Conservation strategy
Protected areas
Issue Date6-May-2008
PublisherPublic Library of Science
CitationPLoS Biol 6(5): e118
AbstractFrogs from Madagascar constitute one of the richest groups of amphibian fauna in the world, with currently 238 described species; caecilians and salamanders are absent. Several frog radiations of the island are species-rich and parallel lemurs and tenrecs in their astonishing morphological and ecological diversity. According to the Global Amphibian Assessment (GAA), Madagascar ranks as the country with the 12th highest amphibian species richness (see also http://www.globalamphibians.org), but this is likely an underestimate, because an additional 182 candidate species have been identified since. Diversity is concentrated in rainforests and can locally reach over 100 species. Impressively, 100% of the autochthonous species and 88% of the genera are strictly endemic to Madagascar and its inshore islands. Most of these species belong to two radiations of astonishing ecomorphological and reproductive diversity, the mantellids and the scaphiophrynine plus cophyline microhylids.
Description4 pages, 2 figures.-- PMID: 18462021 [PubMed].-- PMCID: PMC2365978.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0060118
Appears in Collections:(MNCN) Artículos
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