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Evaluation of changes induced in rice metabolome by Cd and Cu exposure using LC-MS with XCMS and MCR-ALS data analysis strategies

AuthorsNavarro-Reig, Meritxell; Jaumot, Joaquim CSIC ORCID ; García-Reiriz, Alejandro G.; Tauler, Romà
Sample discrimination
Issue Date1-Nov-2015
CitationAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
AbstractThe comprehensive analysis of untargeted metabolomics data acquired using LC-MS is still a major challenge. Different data analysis tools have been developed in recent years such as XCMS (various forms (X) of chromatography mass spectrometry) and multivariate curve resolution alternating least squares (MCR-ALS)-based strategies. In this work, metabolites extracted from rice tissues cultivated in an environmental test chamber were subjected to untargeted full-scan LC-MS analysis, and the obtained data sets were analyzed using XCMS and MCR-ALS. These approaches were compared in the investigation of the effects of copper and cadmium exposure on rice tissue (roots and aerial parts) samples. Both methods give, as a result of their application, the whole set of resolved elution and spectra profiles of the extracted metabolites in control and metal-treated samples, as well as the values of their corresponding chromatographic peak areas. The effects caused by the two considered metals on rice samples were assessed by further chemometric analysis and statistical evaluation of these peak area values. Results showed that there was a statistically significant interaction between the considered factors (type of metal of treatment and tissue). Also, the discrimination of the samples according to both factors was possible. A tentative identification of the most discriminant metabolites (biomarkers) was assessed. It is finally concluded that both XCMS- and MCR-ALS-based strategies provided similar results in all the considered cases despite the completely different approaches used by these two methods in the chromatographic peak resolution and detection strategies. Finally, advantages and disadvantages of using these two methods are discussed. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
Publisher version (URL)DOI: 10.1007/s00216-015-9042-2
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