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Does supplemental 18:0 alleviate fish oil-induced milk fat depression in dairy ewes?

AutorToral, Pablo G. ; Hervás, Gonzalo ; Carreño, David ; Frutos, Pilar
Palabras claveMammary gland
Marine lipid
Rumen biohydrogenation
Stearic acid
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorAmerican Dairy Science Association
CitaciónJournal of Dairy Science, 99: 1133-1144 (2016)
ResumenSupplementation of dairy ewe diet with marine lipids may be an effective strategy for modulating milk fatty acid composition but induces milk fat depression (MFD). This syndrome has been associated with a shortage of 18:0 for uptake and Δ9-desaturation that may impair the capacity of the mammary gland to achieve an adequate fluidity for milk fat secretion. On this basis, it was suggested that supplemental 18:0 may contribute to alleviate marine lipid-induced MFD in sheep. To test this hypothesis, 12 lactating ewes were allocated to 1 of 3 lots and used in a 3 × 3 Latin square design with 3 periods of 28 d each and 3 experimental treatments: a total mixed ration without lipid supplementation (control) or supplemented with 20 g/kg of DM of fish oil alone (FO) or in combination with 20 g/kg of DM of 18:0 (FOSA). Diets were offered ad libitum, and animal performance and rumen and milk fatty acid composition were studied at the end of each period. After completing the Latin square trial and following a change-over design, the in vivo digestibility of supplemental 18:0 was estimated using 6 lactating sheep. As expected, diet supplementation with fish oil increased the milk content of some potentially health-promoting fatty acids (e.g., cis-9,trans-11 18:2, trans-11 18:1, 20:5n-3, 22:5n-3, and 22:6n-3), but reduced milk fat concentration and yield (−20% in both FO and FOSA treatments). Thus, although reductions in milk 18:0 and cis-9 18:1 output caused by FO (−81 and −51%, respectively) were partially reversed with FOSA diet (−49 and −27%, respectively), the addition of 18:0 to the diet did not prove useful to alleviate MFD. This response, which could not be fully accounted for by the low digestibility coefficient of supplemental 18:0, may challenge the theory of a shortage of this fatty acid as a mechanism to explain fish oil-induced MFD in sheep. Effects of FO and FOSA on rumen and milk fatty acid composition would support that increases in the concentration of some candidate milk fat inhibitors (e.g., cis-9 16:1 or 10-oxo-18:0) might play a relevant role in this type of MFD.
Descripción12 páginas, 6 tablas.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2015-10304
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