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The loss of the inducible Aspergillus carbonarius MFS transporter MfsA leads to ochratoxin A overproduction

AutorCrespo Sempere, Ana ; Martínez-Culebras, Pedro V. ; González-Candelas, Luis
Palabras claveOchratoxin production
Aspergillus carbonarius
Major facilitator superfamily transporters
Fecha de publicación2014
CitaciónInternational journal of food microbiology 181: 1- 9 (2014)
ResumenOchratoxin A (OTA), a nephrotoxic compound produced by certain Aspergillus and Penicillium species, is one of the most abundant mycotoxins in food commodities. Aspergillus carbonarius is the main source of OTA in wine, grape juice and dried vine fruits. Although many studies have focused on OTA production by A. carbonarius, little is known about the genes related to OTA production and transport. We have found a transporter that belongs to the major facilitator superfamily (MfsA) which is highly expressed with a 102-fold induction in an ochratoxigenic A. carbonarius strain compared to a low OTA producer strain. The encoding mfsA gene shows similarity to the multidrug efflux transporter flu1 from Candida albicans. A high number of putative transcription factor binding sites involved in the response to stress were identified within the promoter of mfsA. Phenotypical analysis of δ. mfsA deletion mutants revealed that the loss of mfsA leads to a slight growth reduction and increased OTA production. We therefore hypothesize that MfsA could be a stress response transporter whose disruption could cause an increase in oxidative stress together with a stimulation of mycotoxin production. •A. carbonarius mfsA expression is induced over 100 fold in an OTA producing strain.•mfsA gene has been cloned and sequenced.•An A. carbonarius δmfsA null mutant has been obtained by ATMT.•The δmfsA null mutants produce more OTA than the parental strain.•The expression of mfsA is up regulated by hydrogen peroxide.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2014.04.014
issn: 1879-3460
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