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Rapid loss of antipredatory behaviour in captive-bred birds is linked to current avian invasions

AutorCarrete, Martina ; Tella, José Luis
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorNature Publishing Group
CitaciónScientific Reports, 5:18274 (2015)
ResumenDespite the importance of behaviour in conservation biology, there have been few studies that address behaviour in areas such as invasion ecology. There is an urgent need to identify specific traits that facilitate the establishment and spread of alien species to prevent biological invasions and their impact on biodiversity. Changes in antipredatory behaviour in captivity have been proposed to explain the higher invasiveness of wild-caught exotic species. We experimentally tested this hypothesis by assessing the response of wild-caught and captive-bred cage birds facing an approaching predator and their ability to escape from human capture, using species available in the Spanish pet market. Results showed the loss of antipredatory responses and escape abilities in captive-bred birds compared with wild-caught ones. An intraspecific comparison between wild-caught and the first generation of captivebred birds pointed to a rapid behavioural loss in captivity (individual lifetime) rather than to differences among species (evolutionary exposure). In the context of current avian invasions, the proportion of individuals showing antipredatory responses within a species was positively related to the likelihood of the species being found escaped and breeding in the wild. These results offer a link between behaviour, fitness, and the invasion syndrome in birds
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep18274
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/127356
DOI10.1038/srep18274
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