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Title

The normalized topographic method: An automated procedure for gully mapping using GIS

AuthorsCastillo, Carlos ; Taguas, E. V.; Zarco-Tejada, Pablo J. ; James, Michael R.; Gómez Calero, José Alfonso
KeywordsDEM
Photo-reconstruction
Resolution
Mapping
Gully erosion
GIS
Issue Date24-May-2014
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationEarth Surface Processes and Landforms 39(15): 2002- 2015 (2014)
AbstractGully delineation is a critical aspect of accurately determining soil losses but associated methodologies are rarely detailed. Here, we describe a new gully mapping method, the normalized topographic method (NorToM), based on processing digital elevation model (DEM) data, and we assess associated errors when it is applied over a range of geomorphological scales. The NorToM is underpinned by two gully detection variables (normalized slope and elevation) calculated over local windows of prescribed size, and a group of filtering variables. For four study sites, DEMs of gullies were obtained using field and airborne photo-reconstruction and evaluated using total station and differential global positioning system (dGPS) survey. NorToM provided accurate areal and volume estimates at the individual gully scale but differences increased at the larger gully system and gully network scales. We were able to identify optimal parameters for using the NorToM approach and so confirm that is represents a useful scale-independent means of gully mapping that is likely to be valid in other environments. Its main limitations are that the normalization process might be time-consuming at regional scales and the need for a fixed window size when applied to landforms with extreme variations in dimensions.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3595
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/127229
DOI10.1002/esp.3595
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/esp.3595
issn: 1096-9837
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