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Amph, a bifunctional DD-endopeptidase and DD-carboxypeptidase of Escherichia coli

AutorGonzález-Leiza, Silvia M.; Pedro, Miguel Ángel de ; Ayala, Juan Alfonso
Fecha de publicacióndic-2011
EditorAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitaciónJournal of Bacteriology 193: 6887- 6894 (2011)
ResumenIn Escherichia coli, low-molecular-mass penicillin-binding proteins (LMM PBPs) are important for correct cell morphogenesis. These enzymes display DD-carboxypeptidase and/or DD-endopeptidase activities associated with maturation and remodeling of peptidoglycan (PG). AmpH has been classified as an AmpH-type class C LMM PBP, a group closely related to AmpC β-lactamases. AmpH has been associated with PG recycling, although its enzymatic activity remained uncharacterized until now. Construction and purification of Histagged AmpH from E. coli permitted a detailed study of its enzymatic properties. The N-terminal export signal of AmpH is processed, but the protein remains membrane associated. The PBP nature of AmpH was demonstrated by its ability to bind the β-lactams Bocillin FL (a fluorescent penicillin) and cefmetazole. In vitro assays with AmpH and specific muropeptides demonstrated that AmpH is a bifunctional DD-endopeptidase and DD-carboxypeptidase. Indeed, the enzyme cleaved the cross-linked dimers tetrapentapeptide (D45) and tetratetrapeptide (D44) with efficiencies (k cat/K m) of 1,200 M -1 s -1 and 670 M -1 s -1, respectively, and removed the terminal D-alanine from muropeptides with a C-terminal D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptide. Both DD-peptidase activities were inhibited by 40 μM cefmetazole. AmpH also displayed a weak β-lactamase activity for nitrocefin of 1.4 × 10 -3 nmol/μg protein/min, 1/1,000 the rate obtained for AmpC under the same conditions. AmpH was also active on purified sacculi, exhibiting the bifunctional character that was seen with pure muropeptides. The wide substrate spectrum of the DD-peptidase activities associated with AmpH supports a role for this protein in PG remodeling or recycling. © 2011, American Society for Microbiology.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/127087
DOI10.1128/JB.05764-11
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1128/JB.05764-11
issn: 0021-9193
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