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Improvement of the ultra-trace voltammetric determination of Rh in environmental samples using signal transformation

AuthorsAlmécija, Clara ; Cobelo-García, A. ; Santos-Echeandía, Juan
KeywordsRhodium determination
Adsorptive voltammetry
Second derivative transformation
Issue Date2016
CitationTalanta - the International Journal of Pure and Applied Analyt Chemistry 146: 737-743 (2016)
AbstractRhodium (Rh) is present at the Earth's surface at ultra-trace concentrations (0.06 ng g−1); however, its use in catalytic converters has increased its deposition nearby traffic pressure and therefore the interest in analytical techniques for Rh determination has raised in the recent years. In this study we propose an improvement of Rh measurement by adsorptive voltammetry applying second-derivative signal transformation. The optimization of experimental parameters affecting the voltammetric analysis were carried out using sediment samples; these include the amount of sample digest used, the hydrochloric acid and formaldehyde concentrations, deposition potential and equilibration time. The use of the second derivative transformation provided well-defined peaks due to the minimization of background interferences, leading to a significant decrease in the detection limits. Accordingly, a detection limit of 200 fM Rh in the cell was obtained, which corresponds to 14 pg g−1 of Rh for 200 mg of sediments. The optimized methodology was applied to the analysis of Rh in a sediment core collected close to a motorway bridge from Tagus Estuary (Lisbon, Portugal). Here, Rh concentrations ranged from 0.06 to 0.47 ng g−1, showing a surface Rh-enrichment linked to traffic, which was consistent with a Pt superficial peak. Reference materials were also analyzed, including road dust (BCR-723) and river sediment (JSD-2), and values obtained were in agreement with certified concentrations and previously values reported in the literature
Description7 páginas, 5 figuras, 1 tabla
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2015.06.032
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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