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Formation of titanium nanostructures on block copolymer templates with varying molecular weights

AuthorsKreuzer, Martin; Simao, Claudia ; Díaz, Ana; Sotomayor Torres, C. M.
Issue Date2014
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationMacromolecules 47(24): 8691-8699 (2014)
AbstractA novel and simple method for producing mesoporous titanium films and supported titanium nanoparticle hexagonal arrays is presented. During evaporation on block copolymer templates, titanium self-assembles as either a mesoporous film or as a hexagonal close-packed nanodot structure. The morphology of the titanium only depends on the molecular weight of the block copolymer, which results in a remarkable fabrication technique that saves time relative to conventional methods. Analyses using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray reflectometry, and grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering correlate the morphology of the titanium with the buried polymer structure. The mesoporous titanium film exhibited a pore size of approximately 16 nm, with a pore-to-pore distance of 42 nm. The average size of the hexagonally packed nanodots was 60 nm, with a center-to-center distance of 88 nm commensurate with the template features. An analysis of the chemical composition showed that the structures were titanium dioxide, which indicated that oxidation occurred during the fabrication process.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/ma501605s
issn: 0024-9297
e-issn: 1520-5835
Appears in Collections:(CIN2) Artículos
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