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A Decade of Change in Contraceptive Behaviour in Latin America: A Multivariate Decomposition Analysis

AuthorsCastro Martín, Teresa ; Njogu, Wamucii
Issue Date1994
PublisherUnited Nations Population Fund
CitationPopulation Bulletin, 36: 81-109
AbstractThis study relies on World Fertility Survey (WFS) and Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) data to examine recent trends and detenninants of con-traceptive use in five Latín American countries: Colombia, Dominican Repub-lic, Ecuador, Mexico and Peru. These countries experienced a substantial increase in contraceptive prevalence in the inter-survey period. Within coun-tries, however, the increase was not equally shared by all social and demo-graphic groups. The study found that relatively disadvantaged groups experienced greater gains in contraceptive use. Despite the prevailing ten-dency towards convergence, wide differentials in contraceptive behaviour among social sectors still persist. A" decomposition analysis based on logistic regression revealed that certain shifts in the population composition i.e., increased proportion of urban and better educated women and a growing pro-portion of mothers who want to discontinue child-bearing-contributed sub-stantially to the aggregate increase in contraceptive prevalence in most countries. Structural changes, understood as changes in the relations between the explanatory variables and the likelihood of using contraception, were also found to play a significant role in contraceptive use trends, particularly in Colombia.
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