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The Pyrenean architecture as revealed by teleseismic P-to-S converted waves recorded along two dense transects

AuthorsChevrot, S.; Sylvander, Matthieu; Diaz, J. ; Ruiz Fernández, Mario ; Paul, A.; Cougoulat, G.; Péquegnat, C.; Wolyniec, D.; Delmas, P.; Grimaud, F.; Benahmed, S.; Pauchet H.; De Saint Blanquat, M.; Lagabrielle, Y.; Manatschal, G.
KeywordsContinental tectonics: compressional
Dynamics of lithosphere and mantle
Seismic tomography
Issue Date2015
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationGeophysical Journal International 200: 1096- 1107 (2015)
Abstract© The Authors 2014. Between 2011 and 2013, two dense transects were deployed across the central and western Pyrenees to get better constraints on the deep lithospheric architecture and discriminate the competing models of the structure and formation of the Pyrenees. Each transect recorded the regional and global seismicity during a period of approximately 1 yr. Here, we exploit the records of teleseismic compressional waves and of their conversions to shear waves on internal discontinuities in order to map lithospheric interfaces beneath the two transects. The migrated sections, obtained by performing common conversion point stacks, are in remarkable agreement with the results of the ECORS-Pyrenees and ECORS-Arzacq deep seismic surveys. However, the migrations of converted waves reveal new details of the deep lithospheric architecture that could not be seen with the active source experiments. The new images provide clear and definite evidence for the subduction of a thinned Iberian crust down to at least ~70 km depth, a result that has important implications for the formation of the Pyrenees. The subduction of the Iberian lithosphere leads to reconsider the amount of convergence between Iberia and Europe during the Cenozoic. A recent regional P-wave tomography, relying on the data of the PYROPE and IBERARRAY temporary experiments, revealed the segmentation of lithospheric structures by inherited Hercynian NE-SW transfer faults that were reactivated during the Albian rifting. Ourmigration images are consistent with this model, and give further support to the idea that the Pyrenees were produced by the tectonic inversion of a segmented hyperextended rift that was buried by subduction beneath the European Plate.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggu400
Identifiersdoi: 10.1093/gji/ggu400
issn: 1365-246X
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