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Prediction of ice content in biological model solutions when frozen under high pressure

AutorGuignon, Bérengère; Aparicio, C.; Otero, Laura ; Sanz Martínez, Pedro Dimas
Palabras claveCryopreservation
Sodium chloride
Cryoprotective agents
Isobaric process
Isochoric process
Aqueous solutions
Mathematical models
Biological models
Phase diagram
High hydrostatic pressure
Water activity
Fecha de publicación2009
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónBiotechnology Progress 25: 454- 460 (2009)
ResumenHigh pressure is, at least, as effective as cryoprotective agents (CPAs) and are used for decreasing both homogenous nucleation and freezing temperatures. This fact gives rise to a great variety of possible cryopreservation processes under high pressure. They have not been optimized yet, since they are relatively recent and are mainly based on the pressure-temperature phase diagram of pure water. Very few phase diagrams of biological material are available under pressure. This is owing to the lack of suitable equipment and to the difficulties encountered in carrying out the measurements. Different aqueous solutions of salt and CPAs as biological models are studied in the range of 0°C down to-35°C, 0.1 up to 250 MPa, and 0-20% w/w total solute concentration. The phase transition curves of glycerol and of sodium chloride with either glycerol or sucrose in aqueous solutions are determined in a high hydrostatic pressure vessel. The experimental phase diagrams of binary solutions were well described by a third-degree polynomial equation. It was also shown that Robinson and Stokes' equation at high pressure succeeds in predicting the phase diagrams of both binary and ternary solutions. The solute cryoconcentration and the ice content were calculated as a function of temperature and pressure conditions during the freezing of a binary solution. This information should provide a basis upon which high-pressure cryopreservation processes may be performed and the damages derived from ice formation evaluated. © 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1002/btpr.103
issn: 8756-7938
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