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dc.contributor.authorMaza, Alfons de la-
dc.contributor.authorParra Juez, José Luis-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Surfactants and Detergents 1(1): 41-47(1998)en_US
dc.description7 pages, 5 figures, 1 table.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe interaction of sodium cholate with phosphatidylcholine liposomes was investigated. Permeability alterations were detected as a change in 5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (CF) released from the interior of vesicles and bilayer solubilization as a decrease in the static light-scattered by liposomes. Free surfactant concentration at subsolubilizing and solubilizing levels showed, respectively, values that were lower than and similar to the surfactant critical micelle concentration, and indicated that permeability alterations and solubilization were determined, respectively, by the action of surfactant monomer and by the formation of mixed micelles. A direct relationship was established in the initial steps [effective surfactant/lipid molar ratio (Re) lower than 0.07] between the growth of vesicles, the leakage of entrapped CF (fluidity of vesicles), and Re. These changes could be correlated with the increasing presence of surfactant molecules in the outer monolayer of vesicles and its saturation. The subsequent increase in Re led to a lower growth of vesicles in coexistence with a similar increase in the CF release. This behavior could be related to a increased rate of flipflop of the sodium cholate molecules, making the inner monolayer also available for the interaction with added surfactant. A direct dependence was also established in the initial solubilization steps (Re values up to 0.6) between the surfactant-phosphatidylcholine aggregate size, the static light-scattering of the system, and Re. In the Re interval 0.36–0.84 mixed vesicles and mixed micelles coexisted.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by funds from DGICYT (Dirección General de Investigación Científica y Técnica) (Prog. nº PB94-0043), Spain. We are grateful to G. von Knorring for his expert technical assistance.en_US
dc.format.extent19968 bytes-
dc.subjectCarboxyfluorescein releaseen_US
dc.subjectPermeability alterations and bilayer solubilizationen_US
dc.subjectPhosphatidylcholine liposomesen_US
dc.subjectPhosphatidylcholine/sodium cholate mixed micellesen_US
dc.subjectPhosphatidylcholine/sodium cholate mixed vesiclesen_US
dc.subjectSodium cholateen_US
dc.subjectStatic light-scattering measurementsen_US
dc.subjectSurfactant-PC aggregate sizeen_US
dc.subjectSurfactant/phospholipid molar ratiosen_US
dc.titleAssembly properties of the aggregates resulting in the solubilization of phosphatidylcholine bilayers by sodium cholateen_US
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer revieweden_US
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