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Assembly properties of the aggregates resulting in the solubilization of phosphatidylcholine bilayers by sodium cholate

AutorMaza, Alfons de la; Parra Juez, José Luis
Palabras claveCarboxyfluorescein release
Permeability alterations and bilayer solubilization
Phosphatidylcholine liposomes
Phosphatidylcholine/sodium cholate mixed micelles
Phosphatidylcholine/sodium cholate mixed vesicles
Sodium cholate
Static light-scattering measurements
Surfactant-PC aggregate size
Surfactant/phospholipid molar ratios
Fecha de publicaciónene-1998
CitaciónJournal of Surfactants and Detergents 1(1): 41-47(1998)
ResumenThe interaction of sodium cholate with phosphatidylcholine liposomes was investigated. Permeability alterations were detected as a change in 5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (CF) released from the interior of vesicles and bilayer solubilization as a decrease in the static light-scattered by liposomes. Free surfactant concentration at subsolubilizing and solubilizing levels showed, respectively, values that were lower than and similar to the surfactant critical micelle concentration, and indicated that permeability alterations and solubilization were determined, respectively, by the action of surfactant monomer and by the formation of mixed micelles. A direct relationship was established in the initial steps [effective surfactant/lipid molar ratio (Re) lower than 0.07] between the growth of vesicles, the leakage of entrapped CF (fluidity of vesicles), and Re. These changes could be correlated with the increasing presence of surfactant molecules in the outer monolayer of vesicles and its saturation. The subsequent increase in Re led to a lower growth of vesicles in coexistence with a similar increase in the CF release. This behavior could be related to a increased rate of flipflop of the sodium cholate molecules, making the inner monolayer also available for the interaction with added surfactant. A direct dependence was also established in the initial solubilization steps (Re values up to 0.6) between the surfactant-phosphatidylcholine aggregate size, the static light-scattering of the system, and Re. In the Re interval 0.36–0.84 mixed vesicles and mixed micelles coexisted.
Descripción7 pages, 5 figures, 1 table.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11743-998-0006-6
ISSN1097-3958 (Print)
1558-9293 (Online)
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