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Nano-emulsions preparation by low energy methods in an ionic surfactant system

AutorSolé, Isabel; Maestro, Alicia; Pey, C. M.; González Azón, Carmen; Solans, Conxita; Gutiérrez, José M.
Palabras claveNano-emulsions
Emulsification paths
Liquid crystals
Condensation method
Low-energy method
Fecha de publicación6-mar-2006
CitaciónColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 288(1-3): 138-143 (2006)
ResumenThe emulsion inversion point method was used to form nano-emulsions in the ionic system water/oleic acid–potassium oleate–C12E10/hexadecane. Potassium hydroxide solutions were added to oleic acid–C12E10/hexadecane solutions at constant temperature (25 °C) in order to obtain nano-emulsions at 80% water concentration, with a stoichiometric relation of oleic acid and KOH at this point. So, the ionic surfactant (the potassium oleate) was formed along the emulsification path. The influence of the phases present during the emulsification process on nano-emulsion droplet size was analized. The results show that the smallest droplet size is obtained when along the emulsification path and near the nano-emulsion region the equilibrium is achieved with all the oil dissolved in a phase, in this case in a cubic liquid crystalline phase. It has also been found that the most probable breakdown mechanism of the nano-emulsions formed is Ostwald Ripening.
Descripción6 pages, 1 table, 9 figures.-- Printed version published Oct 5, 2006.-- Issue title: Papers from "Formula IV: Frontiers in Formulation Science", an International conference organised by the RSC, held in London, July 4-7th 2005.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2006.02.013
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