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Relative contribution of P5 and Hap surface proteins to nontypable Haemophilus influenzae interplay with the host upper and lower airways

AuthorsEuba, Begoña ; Moleres, Javier ; Viadas, Cristina ; Ruiz de los Mozos, Igor ; Valle Turrillas, Jaione ; Bengoechea, José Antonio ; Garmendia, Juncal
Issue Date20-Apr-2015
PublisherPublic Library of Science
CitationPLoS ONE 10(4): e0123154 (2015)
AbstractNontypable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a major cause of opportunistic respiratory tract disease, and initiates infection by colonizing the nasopharynx. Bacterial surface proteins play determining roles in the NTHi-airways interplay, but their specific and relative contribution to colonization and infection of the respiratory tract has not been addressed comprehensively. In this study, we focused on the ompP5 and hap genes, present in all H. influenzae genome sequenced isolates, and encoding the P5 and Hap surface proteins, respectively. We employed isogenic single and double mutants of the ompP5 and hap genes generated in the pathogenic strain NTHi375 to evaluate P5 and Hap contribution to biofilm growth under continuous flow, to NTHi adhesion, and invasion/phagocytosis on nasal, pharyngeal, bronchial, alveolar cultured epithelial cells and alveolar macrophages, and to NTHi murine pulmonary infection. We show that P5 is not required for bacterial biofilm growth, but it is involved in NTHi interplay with respiratory cells and in mouse lung infection. Mechanistically, P5<inf>NTHi375</inf> is not a ligand for CEACAM1 or α5 integrin receptors. Hap involvement in NTHi375-host interaction was shown to be limited, despite promoting bacterial cell adhesion when expressed in H. influenzae RdKW20. We also show that Hap does not contribute to bacterial biofilm growth, and that its absence partially restores the deficiency in lung infection observed for the ΔompP5 mutant. Altogether, this work frames the relative importance of the P5 and Hap surface proteins in NTHi virulence.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123154
Identifiersissn: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:(IDAB) Artículos
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