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Documenting introductions: The earliest evidence for the presence of dog (canis familiaris linnaeus 1758) in the prehistory of the Balearic Islands

AutorValenzuela, Alejandro ; Alcover, Josep Antoni
Palabras claveBiogeography
Faunal introduction
Mallorca
Menorca
Western Mediterranean
Zooarchaeology
Fecha de publicación15-nov-2013
EditorTaylor & Francis
CitaciónJournal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 8(3): 422-435 (2013)
ResumenWe emphasize the importance of adopting a restrictive reading of the validity and reliability of the faunal record with respect to past animal introductions. As a case study, we analyze the earliest evidence for dogs in the early prehistory of the Balearic Islands. This research is based on directAMS14C dates from selected dog bones obtained in archaeological contexts. These dates, together with a conservative interpretation of the archaeological evidence, allow us to document the historical biogeography of dogs in Balearic prehistory. On Mallorca, the earliest evidence for the presence of dogs falls ca. 2000 cal BC. In contrast, on Menorca and the Pityusic Islands, their presence in the early prehistory (i.e., prior to 2000 cal BC) remains to be demonstrated. These data illustrate the importance of direct AMS 14C dating of animal bones and careful analysis of archaeological context to document the chronology of animal introductions on islands and beyond. © 2013 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15564894.2013.810677
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/126329
DOI10.1080/15564894.2013.810677
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1080/15564894.2013.810677
issn: 1556-4894
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