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Involvement of the phenylpropanoid pathway in the response of table grapes to low temperature and high CO2 levels

AutorSánchez Ballesta, M. Teresa ; Romero, Irene ; Jiménez, Jorge B.; Orea, J. M.; González Ureña, A.; Escribano, M. Isabel ; Merodio, Carmen
Fecha de publicación2007
EditorElsevier
CitaciónPostharvest Biology and Technology 46: 29- 35 (2007)
ResumenWe have analyzed the responses induced by low temperature storage (0 °C) in red table grape (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cardinal) and also the effect of a 3 day treatment of high CO2 levels (20% CO2 plus 20% O2). At the transcriptional level we studied the key phenylpropanoid enzymes l-phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), chalcone synthase (CHS) and stilbene synthase (STS), together with the final products of some of these enzymes, such as trans-resveratrol and total anthocyanin, and their involvement in antioxidant activity. The results, using previously isolated partial cDNAs, indicated that storage at 0 °C for 3 days increased VcPAL, VcSTS and VcCHS mRNA levels in the skin of non-treated grapes, decreasing slightly thereafter. In contrast, the accumulation of these transcripts was lower in the skin of grapes after 3 days of CO2 treatment, and was undetectable when treated fruit were transferred to air. Low temperature modulated total anthocyanin levels and antioxidant capacity in non-treated grapes, and reduced the trans-resveratrol content in both treated and non-treated grapes, although the decrease was higher in CO2-treated grapes. The overall results indicated that CO2-treated grapes could be less sensitive to temperature shifts during the first stages of storage at 0 °C, reducing the expression levels of phenylpropanoid genes and the accumulation of total anthocyanins and antioxidant activity. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/126253
DOI10.1016/j.postharvbio.2007.04.001
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.postharvbio.2007.04.001
issn: 0925-5214
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