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Título

Effect of linear alkylbenzene sulphonates (LAS) on the anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge

AutorGarcia Ramón, María Teresa; Campos, Encarna; Sánchez-Leal, Joaquim; Ribosa Fornovi, Isabel
Palabras claveLAS
Sewage sludge
Anaerobic digestion
Toxicity
Bioavailability
Fecha de publicación1-ago-2006
EditorElsevier
CitaciónWater Research 40 (15):2958-2964 (2006)
ResumenBatch anaerobic biodegradation tests with different alkylbenzene sulphonates (LAS) at increasing concentrations were performed in order to investigate the effect of LAS homologues on the anaerobic digestion process of sewage sludge. Addition of LAS homologues to the anaerobic digesters increased the biogas production at surfactant concentrations 5–10 g/kg dry sludge and gave rise to a partial or total inhibition of the methanogenic activity at higher surfactant loads. Therefore, at the usual LAS concentration range in sewage sludge, no adverse effects on the anaerobic digesters functioning of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) can be expected. The increase of biogas production at low surfactant concentrations was attributed to an increase of the bioavailability and subsequent biodegradation of organic pollutants associated with the sludge, promoted by the surfactant adsorption at the solid/liquid interface. When the available surfactant fraction in the aqueous phase instead of the nominal surfactant concentration was used to evaluate the toxicity of LAS homologues, a highly significant relationship between toxicity and alkyl chain length was obtained. Taking into account the homologue distribution of commercial LAS in the liquid phase of the anaerobic digesters of a WWTP, an EC50 value of 14 mg/L can be considered for LAS toxicity on the anaerobic microorganisms.
Descripción7 pages, 4 figures, 1 table.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2006.05.033
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/12572
DOI10.1016/j.watres.2006.05.033
ISSN0043-1354
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