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Range-wide variation in the ecological niche and floral polymorphism of the western mediterranean geophyte narcissus dubius Gouan

AutorPapuga, Guillaume; Gauthier, Perrine; Ramos, José; Pons, V.; Pironon, S. ; Farris, Emmanuele; Thompson, John D.
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorUniversity of Chicago Press
CitaciónInternational Journal of Plant Sciences 176(8): 724-738 (2015)
ResumenPremise of research. Comparative studies of variation in the ecology and genetics of natural plant populations located at the limits and in the center of a species range provide fundamental insights into the historical formation of species distribution patterns. Methodology. In this study, we quantify variation in the ecological niche and the expression of a floral polymorphism across the range of the Mediterranean geophyte Narcissus dubius Gouan. An exhaustive data set of known locations was compiled to distinguish groups of geographically central and peripheral populations in both Spain and France. These occur across a double climatic gradient. First, there is a gradient from a hot and dry Mediterranean climatic regime in eastern Spain to a milder Mediterranean climatic regime in southern France (lower maximum temperature and shorter summer drought). Second, there is a shift to a more continental climate in peripheral populations in inland Spain. We also modeled the current climatic niche and produced historical projections of potential glacial refugia for this species. Pivotal results. Peripheral populations showed consistent patterns of ecological niche differences with a less rupicolous ecology, more bare soil, and a higher cover of annual species. The ecological niche was more variable among peripheral populations than among central populations. Peripheral populations showed a repeated pattern of loss of stigma-height polymorphism and floral traits indicative of a reproductive strategy based on within-morph mating (probably selfing to assure seed set). Climate models indicate that contemporary peripheral populations (particularly in Spain) occur in areas that were least likely to have served as glacial refugia. Conclusions. Historical isolation and recolonization may have shaped contemporary patterns of ecological niche and reproductive trait variation among central and peripheral populations. © 2015 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1086/683010
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1086/683010
issn: 1058-5893
e-issn: 1537-5315
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