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Título

Effect of LED Blue Light on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum Strains

AutorLafuente, María Teresa ; Alférez, Fernando
Palabras claveLED blue light
P. digitaum
P. italicum
Antifungal
Citrus fruit
Fecha de publicación7-oct-2015
EditorJohn Wiley & Sons
CitaciónPhotochemistry and Photobiology (2015) 91:1412-1421
ResumenStudies on the antimicrobial properties of light have considerably increased due in part to the development of resistance to actual control methods. This study investigates the potential of light-emitting diodes (LED) blue light for controlling Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. These fungi are the most devastating postharvest pathogens of citrus fruit and cause important losses due to contaminations and the development of resistant strains against fungicides. The effect of different periods and quantum fluxes, delaying light application on the growth and morphology of P. digitatum strains resistant and sensitive to fungicides, and P. italicum cultured at 20°C was examined. Results showed that blue light controls the growth of all strains and that its efficacy increases with the quantum flux. Spore germination was always avoided by exposing the cultures to high quantum flux (700 μmol m−2 s−1) for 18 h. Continuous light had an important impact on the fungus morphology and a fungicidal effect when applied at a lower quantum flux (120 μmol m−2 s−1) to a growing fungus. Sensitivity to light increased with mycelium age. Results show that blue light may be a tool for P. digitatum and P. italicum infection prevention during handling of citrus fruits.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/php.12519
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/125657
DOI10.1111/php.12519
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