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Partially-gelatinised starches by high hydrostatic pressure as oligoelement carriers

AutorFernández, Pedro P. ; Sanz Martínez, Pedro Dimas; Martino, Mirian N.; Molina García, Antonio D.
Fecha de publicación2008
EditorInstituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (España)
CitaciónSpanish Journal of Agricultural Research 6: 129- 137 (2008)
ResumenZinc deficiency is a world wide problem, centred on the lower income population, though not restricted to it. Food supplementation with magnesium is also considered of interest for correcting deficiencies in this oligoelement. High-pressure partially gelatinised starch is proposed as a vehicle for inclusion of these metals in food products. While high-pressure levels (and/or temperature) give rise to total gelatinisation, lower pressures, at temperatures close to ambient, yield partially-gelatinised products, where only a portion of the intramolecular bonds in the amylopectin double helix has been substituted by intermolecular bonds between the unfolded amylopectin and water, as it can be deduced by differential scanning calorimetry, while the resultant granular microstructure is strongly altered (observed by low temperature scanning electron microscopy). Production of this modified starch implies lower energy expense, compared to thermal gelatinisation, and it guarantees higher homogeneity in the final degree of gelatinisation. The effect of moderated high-pressure treatments (400 MPa, 25°C, 35 min) on potato and corn starches has been studied. The effect of pressure treatment, after alkaline treatment or the addition of another hydrocolloid (guar gum) has also been considered. The observed preferential binding of zinc and magnesium salts to these modified starches (after determination of metal content by atomic absorption spectrophotometry) is favourable to the use of these products as metal carriers.
Identificadoresissn: 1695-971X
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