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Coatings of Nanostructured Pristine Graphene-IrOx Hybrids for Neural Electrodes: Layered Stacking and the role of non-oxygenated Graphene

AuthorsPérez Soler, Estela ; Lichtenstein, Mathieu ; Suñol, Cristina ; Casañ Pastor, Nieves
Iridium oxide nanoparticles electroactive coatings
Layered nanostructure
Neural electrode
Pristine graphene
Issue Date27-May-2015
CitationMaterials Science and Engineering C 55: 218-226 (2015)
AbstractThe need to enhance charge capacity in neural stimulation-electrodes is promoting the formation of new materials and coatings. Among all the possible types of graphene, pristine graphene prepared by graphite electrochemical exfoliation, is used in this work to form a new nanostructured IrOx-graphene hybrid (IrOx-eG). Graphene is stabilized in suspension by IrOx nanoparticles without surfactants. Anodic electrodeposition results in coatings with much smaller roughness than IrOx-graphene oxide. Exfoliated pristine graphene (eG), does not electrodeposit in absence of iridium, but IrOx-nanoparticle adhesion on graphene flakes drives the process. IrOx-eG has a significantly different electronic state than graphene oxide, and different coordination for carbon. Electron diffraction shows the reflection features expected for graphene. IrOx 1-2 nm cluster/nanoparticles are oxohydroxo-species and adhere to 10 nm graphene platelets. eG induces charge storage capacity values five times larger than in pure IrOx, and if calculated per carbon atom, this enhancement is one order magnitude larger than the induced by graphene oxide. IrOx-eG coatings show optimal in vitro neural cell viability and function as cell culture substrates. The fully straightforward electrochemical exfoliation and electrodeposition constitutes a step towards the application of graphene in biomedical systems, expanding the knowledge of pristine graphene vs. graphene oxide, in bioelectrodes. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2015.05.010
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.msec.2015.05.010
issn: 0928-4931
Appears in Collections:(IIBB) Artículos
(ICMAB) Artículos
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