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Carbonic anhydrase protects fatty liver grafts against ischemic reperfusion damage

AuthorsBejaoui, Mohamed CSIC ORCID; Pantazi, Eirini CSIC; De Luca, Viviana; Panisello-Roselló, Arnau; Folch-Puy, Emma CSIC ORCID ; Hotter, Georgina CSIC ORCID ; Capasso, Clemente; Supuran, Claudiu T.; Roselló-Catafau, Joan CSIC ORCID
Issue Date30-Jul-2015
PublisherPublic Library of Science
CitationPLoS ONE 10(7): e0134499 (2015)
Abstract© 2015 Bejaoui et al. Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are ubiquitous metalloenzymes that catalyze the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate and a proton. CAs are involved in numerous physiological and pathological processes, including acid-base homeostasis, electrolyte balance, oxygen delivery to tissues and nitric oxide generation. Given that these processes are found to be dysregulated during ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI), and taking into account the high vulnerability of steatotic livers to preservation injury, we hypothesized a new role for CA as a pharmacological agent able to protect against ischemic damage. Two different aspects of the role of CA II in fatty liver grafts preservation were evaluated: 1) the effect of its addition to Institut Georges Lopez (IGL-1) storage solution after cold ischemia; 2) and after 24h of cold storage followed by two hours of normothermic ex-vivo perfusion. In all cases, liver injury, CA II protein concentration, CA II mRNA levels and CA II activity were determined. In case of the ex-vivo perfusion, we further assessed liver function (bile production, bromosulfophthalein clearance) and Western blot analysis of phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK), mitogen activated protein kinases family (MAPKs) and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) parameters (GRP78, PERK, IRE, eIF2αand ATF6). We found that CA II was downregulated after cold ischemia. The addition of bovine CA II to IGL-1 preservation solution efficiently protected steatotic liver against cold IRI. In the case of reperfusion, CA II protection was associated with better function, AMPK activation and the prevention of ERS and MAPKs activation. Interestingly, CA II supplementation was not associated with enhanced CO<inf>2</inf> hydration. The results suggest that CA II modulation may be a promising target for fatty liver graft preservation. Copyright:
DescriptionCorrection at: Bejaoui M, Pantazi E, De Luca V, Panisello A, Folch-Puy E, et al. (2015) Correction: Carbonic Anhydrase Protects Fatty Liver Grafts against Ischemic Reperfusion Damage. PLoS ONE 10(9): e0139411. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139411
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Identifiersissn: 1932-6203
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