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Pdx1 and USF transcription factors co-ordinately regulate Alx3 gene expression in pancreatic β-cells

AutorFernández-Pérez, Antonio; Vallejo, Mario
Fecha de publicación2014
EditorBiochemical Society
CitaciónBiochemical Journal 463: 287-296 (2014)
ResumenAlterations in transcription factors expressed in insulin-producing islet β-cells generate pancreatic dysfunction leading to diabetes. The homeodomain transcription factor Alx3 (aristaless-like homeobox 3) expressed in pancreatic islets participates in the regulated expression of several islet genes, and its deficiency in mice leads to islet cell apoptosis and glucose intolerance. In the present study, we investigated the mechanisms that regulate expression of Alx3 in pancreatic islets at the transcriptional level. We found that the Alx3 promoter contains at least eight putative regulatory elements with an E-box consensus sequence, three of which were determined to be functional and required for Alx3 promoter activity by mutational analysis in transfected MIN6 β-cells. We determined that these E-box elements are recognized by the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors USF1 (upstream stimulatory factor 1) and USF2. We also identified a highly conserved A-box in the Alx3 promoter that is recognized by the islet-specific transcription factor Pdx1 (pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1). Pdx1-mediated transactivation of the Alx3 promoter requires the integrity of the three functional E-boxes and the co-operation with USF transcription factors bound to them. The results from the present study indicate that Pdx1 contributes to the transcriptional transactivation of Alx3 in pancreatic β-cells by acting in co-ordination with USF1 and USF2.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/124550
DOI10.1042/BJ20140643
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1042/BJ20140643
issn: 0264-6021
e-issn: 1470-8728
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