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Título

1-Aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid (ACPC) produces procognitive but not antipsychotic-like effects in rats

AutorPopik, Piotr; Holuj, Malgorzata; Nikiforuk, Agnieszka; Kos, Tomasz; Trullás Oliva, Ramón; Skolnick, Phil
Palabras clave1-Aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid
ACPC
Strychnine-insensitive glycine/NMDA site
Learning
Memory
Cognitive flexibility
Attentional set-shifting test
Schizophrenia
Animal models
Prefrontal cortex
Attention
Impulsivity
Five-choice serial reaction time task (5-CSRTT)
Fecha de publicación27-sep-2014
EditorSpringer
CitaciónPsychopharmacology 232(6): 1025-1038 (2015)
Resumen© 2014 The Author(s). Rationale: In addition to the negative and positive symptoms of schizophrenia, cognitive deficits, including prefrontal cortical dysfunction, are now recognized as core features of this disorder. Compounds increasing the NMDA receptor function via the strychnine-insensitive glycine receptors have been proposed as potential antipsychotics. Depending on the ambient concentrations of glutamate and glycine, 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid (ACPC) behaves as either a partial agonist or a functional antagonist at the strychnine-insensitive glycine receptors. Objectives: We investigated the procognitive and antipsychotic-like effects of ACPC in rats treated with phencyclidine (PCP) or ketamine (KET), compounds that produce psychotic-like symptoms in humans and laboratory animals. Methods: Cognitive effects were investigated in the novel object recognition (NOR) and attentional set-shifting tests (ASST). In addition, the effects of ACPC were investigated in PCP-induced hyperactivity, conditioned avoidance response (CAR), and prepulse inhibition (PPI) tests. The effects on attention and impulsivity were measured in the five-choice serial reaction time task (5-CSRTT). Results: ACPC (200-400 mg/kg) inhibited memory fading in naive rats and like clozapine prevented PCP- and KET-induced amnesia in the NOR. In naive animals, ACPC at 400 but not 200 mg/kg enhanced cognitive flexibility in the ASST, as the animals required fewer trials to reach the criteria during the extra-dimensional phase. In contrast, ACPC did not affect PCP-induced hyperactivity, CAR, and PPI as well as attention and impulsivity in the 5-CSRTT. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that ACPC enhanced both object recognition memory and cognitive flexibility dependent on the prefrontal cortex, but did not affect impulsivity nor exhibit an antipsychotic-like profile.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00213-014-3738-4
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/124508
DOI10.1007/s00213-014-3738-4
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1007/s00213-014-3738-4
issn: 1432-2072
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