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Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar a este item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/124499
Título

Molecular Chaperones of Leishmania: Central Players in Many Stress-Related and -Unrelated Physiological Processes

AutorRequena, José María; Montalvo, Ana Magarita; Fraga, Jorge
Fecha de publicación18-jun-2015
EditorHindawi Publishing Corporation
CitaciónBioMed Research International 2015: 301326 (2015)
ResumenMolecular chaperones are key components in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis and survival, not only during stress but also under optimal growth conditions. Folding of nascent polypeptides is supported by molecular chaperones, which avoid the formation of aggregates by preventing nonspecific interactions and aid, when necessary, the translocation of proteins to their correct intracellular localization. Furthermore, when proteins are damaged, molecular chaperones may also facilitate their refolding or, in the case of irreparable proteins, their removal by the protein degradation machinery of the cell. During their digenetic lifestyle, Leishmania parasites encounter and adapt to harsh environmental conditions, such as nutrient deficiency, hypoxia, oxidative stress, changing pH, and shifts in temperature; all these factors are potential triggers of cellular stress. We summarize here our current knowledge on the main types of molecular chaperones in Leishmania and their functions. Among them, heat shock proteins play important roles in adaptation and survival of this parasite against temperature changes associated with its passage from the poikilothermic insect vector to the warm-blooded vertebrate host. The study of structural features and the function of chaperones in Leishmania biology is providing opportunities (and challenges) for drug discovery and improving of current treatments against leishmaniasis.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/124499
DOI10.1155/2015/301326
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1155/2015/301326
issn: 2314-6141
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