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Título

Cyclooxygenase-2 and prostaglandin E<inf>2</inf> signaling through prostaglandin receptor EP- 2 favor the development of myocarditis during acute trypanosoma cruzi infection

AutorGuerrero, Néstor A.; Camacho, Mercedes; Vila, Luis; Íñiguez, Miguel Ángel ; Chillón-Marinas, Carlos; Cuervo, Henar; Poveda, Cristina; Fresno, Manuel; Gironès, Núria
Fecha de publicación25-ago-2015
EditorPublic Library of Science
CitaciónPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 9(8): e0004025 (2015)
ResumenInflammation plays an important role in the pathophysiology of Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. Prostanoids are regulators of homeostasis and inflammation and are produced mainly by myeloid cells, being cyclooxygenases, COX-1 and COX-2, the key enzymes in their biosynthesis from arachidonic acid (AA). Here, we have investigated the expression of enzymes involved in AA metabolism during T. cruzi infection. Our results show an increase in the expression of several of these enzymes in acute T. cruzi infected heart. Interestingly, COX-2 was expressed by CD68<sup>+</sup> myeloid heart-infiltrating cells. In addition, infiltrating myeloid CD11b<sup>+</sup>Ly6G<sup>-</sup> cells purified from infected heart tissue express COX-2 and produce prostaglandin E<inf>2</inf> (PGE<inf>2</inf>) ex vivo. T. cruzi infections in COX-2 or PGE<inf>2</inf>- dependent prostaglandin receptor EP-2 deficient mice indicate that both, COX-2 and EP-2 signaling contribute significantly to the heart leukocyte infiltration and to the release of chemokines and inflammatory cytokines in the heart of T. cruzi infected mice. In conclusion, COX-2 plays a detrimental role in acute Chagas disease myocarditis and points to COX-2 as a potential target for immune intervention.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/124299
DOI10.1371/journal.pntd.0004025
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004025
issn: 1935-2735
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