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Title

Bioactive membranes for bone regeneration applications: Effect of physical and biomolecular signals on mesenchymal stem cell behavior

AuthorsTejeda-Montes, Esther; Smith, Katherine H.; Rebollo, Elena ; Gómez, Raúl; Alonso, Matilde; Rodríguez-Cabello, José Carlos; Engel, Elisabeth; Mata, Álvaro
KeywordsBioactivity
Elastin-like recombinamers
Membranes
Periosteal grafts
Surface topographies
Issue DateJan-2014
PublisherElsevier
CitationActa Biomaterialia 10(1): 134-141 (2014)
AbstractThis study focuses on the in vitro characterization of bioactive elastin-like recombinamer (ELR) membranes for bone regeneration applications. Four bioactive ELRs exhibiting epitopes designed to promote mesenchymal stem cell adhesion (RGDS), endothelial cell adhesion (REDV), mineralization (HAP), and both cell adhesion and mineralization (HAP-RGDS) were synthesized using standard recombinant protein techniques. The materials were then used to fabricate ELR membranes incorporating a variety of topographical micropatterns including channels, holes and posts. Primary rat mesenchymal stem cells (rMSCs) were cultured on the different membranes and the effects of biomolecular and physical signals on cell adhesion, morphology, proliferation, and differentiation were evaluated. All results were analyzed using a custom-made MATLAB program for high throughput image analysis. Effects on cell morphology were mostly dependent on surface topography, while cell proliferation and cell differentiation were largely dependent on the biomolecular signaling from the ELR membranes. In particular, osteogenic differentiation (evaluated by staining for the osteoblastic marker osterix) was significantly enhanced on cells cultured on HAP membranes. Remarkably, cells growing on membranes containing the HAP sequence in non-osteogenic differentiation media exhibited significant up-regulation of the osteogenic marker as early as day 5, while those growing on fibronectin-coated glass in osteogenic differentiation media did not. These results are part of our ongoing effort to develop an optimized molecularly designed periosteal graft. © 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2013.09.001
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/124231
DOI10.1016/j.actbio.2013.09.001
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2013.09.001
issn: 1742-7061
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