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Structure of Alluvial Valleys from 3-D Gravity Inversion: The Low Andarax Valley (Almería, Spain) Test Case

AutorCamacho, Antonio G. ; Carmona, Enrique; García-Jerez, Antonio; Sánchez-Martos, Francisco; Prieto, Juan Francisco; Fernández Torres, José ; Luzón, Francisco
Palabras claveGravity inversion
3D density models
Fecha de publicación17-ago-2014
EditorSpringer
CitaciónPure and Applied Geophysics, 172 (11): 3107-3121 (2015)
ResumenThis paper presents a gravimetric study (based on 382 gravimetric stations in an area about 32 km2) of a nearly flat basin: the Low Andarax valley. This alluvial basin, close to its river mouth, is located in the extreme south of the province of Almería and coincides with one of the existing depressions in the Betic Cordillera. The paper presents new methodological work to adapt a published inversion approach (GROWTH method) to the case of an alluvial valley (sedimentary stratification, with density increase downward). The adjusted 3D density model reveals several features in the topography of the discontinuity layers between the calcareous basement (2,700 kg/m3) and two sedimentary layers (2,400 and 2,250 kg/m3). We interpret several low density alignments as corresponding to SE faults striking about N140–145°E. Some detected basement elevations (such as the one, previously known by boreholes, in Viator village) are apparently connected with the fault pattern. The outcomes of this work are: (1) new gravimetric data, (2) new methodological options, and (3) the resulting structural conclusions.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.oi.org/10.1007/s00024-014-0914-8
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/124226
DOI10.1007/s00024-014-0914-8
ISSN0033-4553
E-ISSN1420-9136
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