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Título

Environmental fate of the fungicide metalaxyl in soil amended with composted olive-mill waste and its biochar: An enantioselective study

AutorGámiz, B. ; Pignatello, J. J.; Cox, L. ; Hermosín, M.C. ; Celis, R.
Palabras claveChiral pesticides
Degradation
Leaching
Organic wastes
Soil amendments
Sorption
Fecha de publicaciónene-2016
EditorElsevier
CitaciónScience of the Total Environment 541(18446) 776-783 (2016)
ResumenA large number of pesticides are chiral and reach the environment as mixtures of optical isomers or enantiomers. Agricultural practices can affect differently the environmental fate of the individual enantiomers. We investigated how amending an agricultural soil with composted olive-mill waste (OMWc) or its biochar (BC) at 2% (w:w) affected the sorption, degradation, and leaching of each of the two enantiomers of the chiral fungicide metalaxyl. Sorption of metalaxyl enantiomers was higher on BC (Kd≈145Lkg-1) than on OMWc (Kd≈22Lkg-1) and was not enantioselective in either case, and followed the order BC-amended>OMWc-amended>unamended soil. Both enantiomers showed greater resistance to desorption from BC-amended soil compared to unamended and OMWc-amended soil. Dissipation studies revealed that the degradation of metalaxyl was more enantioselective (R>S) in unamended and OMWc-amended soil than in BC-amended soil. The leaching of both S- and R-metalaxyl from soil columns was almost completely suppressed after amending the soil with BC and metalaxyl residues remaining in the soil columns were more racemic than those in soil column leachates. Our findings show that addition of BC affected the final enantioselective behavior of metalaxyl in soil indirectly by reducing its bioavailability through sorption, and to a greater extent than OMWc. BC showed high sorption capacity to remove metalaxyl enantiomers from water, immobilize metalaxyl enantiomers in soil, and mitigate the groundwater contamination problems particularly associated with the high leaching potential of the more persistent enantiomer. © 2015.
Descripción8 páginas.-- 3 figuras.-- 3 tablas.-- 56 referencias.-- Supplementary data to this article can be found online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.097.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.097
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/124155
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.097
ISSN0048-9697
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