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Ion energy distributions for the identification of active species and processes in low pressure hollow cathode discharges

AutorTanarro, Isabel ; Herrero, Víctor J.
Palabras claveIon energy distribution
Plasma sheath
DC discharge
Hollow cathode discharge
Ion kinetics
Ion collisions
Ar, H2, N2, O2 and CH4 plasmas
Fecha de publicación15-jul-2009
EditorInstitute of Physics Publishing
CitaciónPlasma Sources Science and Technology 18(3): 034007 (2009)
ResumenEnergy distributions of ions generated in hollow cathode low pressures dc discharges of different gases and gas mixtures containing Ar, H2, N2, O2 or CH4 are studied by quadrupole mass spectrometry. The ions are sampled through a small diaphragm in the grounded cathode. The measured distributions are mostly determined by the acceleration of ions in the sheath region between the negative glow and the cathode, displaying in general a narrow peak centred at energies close to the anode potential, but with specific features for the distinct ions. It is shown that information about ion production and sheath collision processes can be derived from the shapes of the different energy distributions. In some cases these distributions are used for the estimation of the relative abundance of ions with the same mass/charge ratio but different compositions in complex gas mixtures.
Descripción9 pages, 9 figures.-- PACS nrs.: 51.50.+v, 52.20.Hv, 52.25.Jm, 52.40.Kh, 82.33.Xj.-- Printed version published Aug 2009.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0963-0252/18/3/034007
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