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Comparison of sheep and red deer rumen fluids for assessing nutritive value of ruminant feedstuffs

AutorHervás, Gonzalo ; Ranilla, María José ; Mantecón, Ángel R. ; Tejido, María L. ; Frutos, Pilar
Palabras claveRuminant species
Feed evaluation
Gas production
In vitro digestibility
Fecha de publicación2005
EditorJohn Wiley & Sons
CitaciónJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 85(14): 2495-2502 (2005)
ResumenFour forages (alfalfa hay, barley straw, maize silage and beet pulp), four cereal grains (barley, maize, sorghum and wheat) and four shrubs (Calluna vulgaris, Erica australis, Cytisus cantabricus and Genista occidentalis) were incubated using rumen fluids from sheep and red deer, to examine differences in in vitro fermentation rates and ruminal parameters. For the forages and cereal grains, results suggest few differences between species in parameters related to gas production, rates of fermentation, organic matter disappearance and extent of degradation. Deer showed slightly better results for shrubs than sheep did. Disappearance of neutral detergent fibre was generally greater when the rumen fluid was derived from red deer (P < 0.05). On the other hand, ammonia-N concentration and total volatile fatty acids (VFAs) were higher in sheep (P < 0.05). Molar proportions of the major VFAs showed significant differences (P < 0.05) associated with the species of the inoculum donor and suggest that fermentation pathways might have been more efficient in red deer. The estimated amount of methane was higher in sheep, regardless of the substrate incubated (P < 0.001). The results indicate that although the sheep could be valid as a model to assess the nutritive value of good quality feedstuffs for red deer, it would fail to offer reliable information on non-conventional, low-quality feeds such as shrubs.
Descripción8 pages, 4 tables.--Available Online Aug 2005.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2292
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