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Title

Demography of common toads after local extirpation of co-occurring midwife toads

AuthorsBosch, Jaime ; Fernández-Beaskoetxea, Saioa; Scherer, Rick D.; Amburgey, Staci M.; Muths, Erin
Issue Date2014
PublisherBrill Academic Publishers
CitationAmphibia-Reptilia 35(3): 293-303 (2014)
Abstract© Copyright 2014 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands. Estimating demographic parameters like survival or recruitment provides insight into the state and trajectory of populations, but understanding the contexts influencing those parameters, including both biotic and abiotic factors, is particularly important for management and conservation. At a high elevation national park in Central Spain, common toads (Bufo bufo) are apparently taking advantage of the near-extirpation of the midwife toad (Alytes obstetricans), as colonization into new breeding ponds is evident.Within this scenario, we expected demographic parameters of common toad populations to be affected favorably by the putative release from competition. However, we found the population growth rate was negative in 4 of 5 years at the long-standing population; survival probability at the long-standing population and newly-colonised breeding ponds was lower than reported for other toads living at high elevations and the probability of recruitment was inadequate to compensate for the survival rate in maintaining a positive trajectory for either of the breeding ponds. We assessed weather covariates and disease for their contribution to the context thatmay be limiting the common toad's successful use of the niche vacated by the midwife toad.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/123898
DOI10.1163/15685381-00002952
Identifiersdoi: 10.1163/15685381-00002952
e-issn: 1568-5381
issn: 0173-5373
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