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From community approaches to single-cell genomics: The discovery of ubiquitous hyperhalophilic Bacteroidetes generalists

AuthorsGomáriz, María; Martínez-García, Manuel; Santos, Fernando; Rodríguez, Francisco; Capella-Gutiérrez, Salvador; Gabaldón, Toni; Rosselló-Mora, Ramón ; Meseguer, Inmaculada; Antón, Josefa
Issue Date11-Jan-2015
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationISME Journal 9(1): 16-31 (2015)
Abstract© 2015 International Society for Microbial Ecology All rights reserved. The microbiota of multi-pond solar salterns around the world has been analyzed using a variety of culture-dependent and molecular techniques. However, studies addressing the dynamic nature of these systems are very scarce. Here we have characterized the temporal variation during 1 year of the microbiota of five ponds with increasing salinity (from 18% to >40%), by means of CARD-FISH and DGGE. Microbial community structure was statistically correlated with several environmental parameters, including ionic composition and meteorological factors, indicating that the microbial community was dynamic as specific phylotypes appeared only at certain times of the year. In addition to total salinity, microbial composition was strongly influenced by temperature and specific ionic composition. Remarkably, DGGE analyses unveiled the presence of most phylotypes previously detected in hypersaline systems using metagenomics and other molecular techniques, such as the very abundant Haloquadratum and Salinibacter representatives or the recently described low GC Actinobacteria and Nanohaloarchaeota. In addition, an uncultured group of Bacteroidetes was present along the whole range of salinity. Database searches indicated a previously unrecognized widespread distribution of this phylotype. Single-cell genome analysis of five members of this group suggested a set of metabolic characteristics that could provide competitive advantages in hypersaline environments, such as polymer degradation capabilities, the presence of retinal-binding light-activated proton pumps and arsenate reduction potential. In addition, the fairly high metagenomic fragment recruitment obtained for these single cells in both the intermediate and hypersaline ponds further confirm the DGGE data and point to the generalist lifestyle of this new Bacteroidetes group.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2014.95
Identifiersdoi: 10.1038/ismej.2014.95
issn: 1751-7370
Appears in Collections:(IMEDEA) Artículos
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