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Spatio-temporal variability of droughts in Bolivia: 1955-2012

AutorVicente Serrano, Sergio M. ; Chura, O.; López-Moreno, Juan I. ; Azorín-Molina, César ; Sánchez-Lorenzo, Arturo ; Aguilar, E.; Morán-Tejeda, Enrique ; Trujillo, F.; Martínez, R.; Nieto, J. J.
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorJohn Wiley & Sons
CitaciónInternational Journal of Climatology 35(10): 3024-3040 (2015)
ResumenIn this study, the spatio-temporal variability and trends of droughts across Bolivia between 1955 and 2012 were investigated using two climate drought indices: the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI), which is based on precipitation data, and the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI), which is based on the difference between the precipitation and the reference evapotranspiration (ETo). We found that the average drought conditions across the country showed a temporal behaviour mainly characterized by decadal variations. The spatial pattern of drought evolution showed marked differences between the Amazonian region and the Bolivian Altiplano. Both regions showed different drought periods, a lower frequency of drought variability in the Amazon region and trends towards drier conditions in the Altiplano, mainly due to a higher atmospheric water demand as a consequence of increased ETo. We also showed that inclusion of ETo, obtained from maximum and minimum temperature records, increased the spatial heterogeneity of the drought evolution in relation to the evolution observed when only precipitation droughts were considered. The SPEI, the calculation of which includes precipitation and ETo, indicated intensification in drought severity in the last years analysed relative to the pattern found when precipitation droughts alone were considered, and also indicated an increase in the magnitude and duration of drought events. The potential for increasing drought conditions under various climate change scenarios is discussed. © 2015 Royal Meteorological Society.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/joc.4190
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/123468
DOI10.1002/joc.4190
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1002/joc.4190
e-issn: 1097-0088
issn: 0899-8418
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