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Crustal structure of the Betic-Rif system, western Mediterranean, from local earthquake tomography

AuthorsEl Moudnib, L.; Villaseñor, Antonio ; Harnafi, M.; Gallart Muset, Josep ; Pazos, Antonio; Serrano, Inmaculada; Córdoba, Diego ; Pulgar, J. A.; Ibarra, Pedro; Himmi, M. M.; Chourak, M.
Issue Date2015
CitationTectonophysics 643: 94- 105 (2015)
AbstractWe have determined the three-dimensional P-wave velocity structure of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath the Iberia-Africa collision zone using local earthquake tomography. We have inverted arrival times of first-arriving P phases listed in the bulletins of the Instituto Geográfico Nacional and phases picked by us on permanent stations of other regional networks and on temporary broadband stations deployed in the frame of the TOPO-IBERIA project. In total we have used 38,624 P-wave arrival times from 2362 local events recorded at 120 seismic stations. The most remarkable result is the imaging of a large high velocity body following approximately the western Alboran coastline, with a horizontal dimension of at least 200. km and extending in depth from the surface down to 24. km. This body, not imaged previously with this extent using seismic tomography, coincides with surface exposures of subcontinental mantle (peridotites) in Iberia and Africa and with a belt of positive gravity anomalies. We have also found a marked contrast in the seismic velocities of the middle and lower crust of the Alboran basin, coinciding with the location of the Trans-Alboran Shear Zone. We attribute this contrast to widespread magmatic intrusions in the eastern part of the basin, resulting in higher P-wave velocities than in the west. This contrast would also explain the different orientation of the Trans-Alboran Shear zone with respect to the surface features and faults in the Alboran basin. We also image thick crust beneath the Betics and Rif, accompanied by downgoing lithosphere of the Iberian foreland and Gulf of Cadiz beneath the Betic-Rif-Alboran system.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2014.12.015
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.12.015
issn: 0040-1951
Appears in Collections:(IGEO) Artículos
(Geo3Bcn) Artículos
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