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Time-of-flight detector for the characterisation of laser-accelerated protons

AuthorsSeimetz, M. CSIC ORCID; Bellido Millán, Pablo Jesús CSIC ORCID; García López, J. CSIC ORCID; Jiménez-Ramos, M. C. CSIC ORCID; Fernández-Martínez, B. CSIC ORCID
Issue Date2013
CitationIEEE: NSS/MIC/RTSD (2013)
AbstractLasers of ultra-high intensity focused on thin targets can form plasmas and release large numbers of charged particles with kinetic energies in the MeV region. The characterization of the accelerated particles requires suitable detectors. We present a time-of-flight detector based on a plastic scintillator optimized for the spectral analysis of laser-accelerated protons. All details of the detector layout are adapted to the expected properties of the proton beam. Particle energies will be separated by the time-of-flight technique over 200 cm path length. The active area (25 mm width) corresponds to a few mrad opening angle. With 5 mm thickness the detector is capable of absorbing protons up to 22.5 MeV. A very thin, aluminized mylar foil shields the scintillator from outer light while absorbing very little particle energy. The scintillation photons are measured with a photomultiplier tube coupled through a bundle of optical fibres. The coupling of these fibres via a PMMA light guide has been previously optimized in simulations with Litrani. A critical aspect of the detection of virtually large numbers of protons emitted in femtosecond pulses is the saturation of the PMT. The latter can be avoided by use of appropriate optical filters. With these the effective dynamic range starts from single particles over several orders of magnitude. Our time-of-flight detector has been calibrated at the Spanish National Accelerator Centre at Sevilla. Proton beams from 0.46 to 5.6 MeV from a tandem accelerator have been used to measure the relation between particle energy and pulse heights. Further tests have been performed with a pulsed electron beam to simulate many-particle hits.
DescriptionTrabajo presentado al IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging and Workshop on Room-Temeprature Semiconductor: "Beyond Imagination of Future Science" celebrado en Seoul (Korea) del 27 de octubre al 2 de noviembre de 2013.-- et al.
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