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Title

Prognostic impact of del(17p) and del(22q) as assessed by interphase FISH in sporadic colorectal carcinomas

AuthorsGonzález González, María; Muñoz-Bellvis, Luís; Mackintosh, Carlos ; Fontanillo, Celia ; Gutiérrez, María Laura; Abad, María del Mar; Teodosio, Cristina; Fuentes, Manuel ; De Las Rivas, Javier ; Orfao, Alberto ; Sayagués, José María
Issue Date2012
PublisherPublic Library of Science
CitationPLoS ONE 7(8): e42683 (2012)
Abstract[Background]: Most sporadic colorectal cancer (sCRC) deaths are caused by metastatic dissemination of the primary tumor. New advances in genetic profiling of sCRC suggest that the primary tumor may contain a cell population with metastatic potential. Here we compare the cytogenetic profile of primary tumors from liver metastatic versus non-metastatic sCRC. [Methodology/Principal Findings]: We prospectively analyzed the frequency of numerical/structural abnormalities of chromosomes 1, 7, 8, 13, 14, 17, 18, 20, and 22 by iFISH in 58 sCRC patients: thirty-one non-metastatic (54%) vs. 27 metastatic (46%) disease. From a total of 18 probes, significant differences emerged only for the 17p11.2 and 22q11.2 chromosomal regions. Patients with liver metastatic sCRC showed an increased frequency of del(17p11.2) (10% vs. 67%;p<.001) and del(22q11.2) (0% vs. 22%;p =. 02) versusnon-metastatic cases. Multivariate analysis of prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) showed that the only clinical and cytogenetic parameters that had an independent adverse impact on patient outcome were the presence of del(17p) with a 17p11.2 breakpoint and del(22q11.2). Based on these two cytogenetic variables, patients were classified into three groups: low- (no adverse features), intermediate- (one adverse feature) and high-risk (two adverse features)- with significantly different OS rates at 5-years (p<.001): 92%, 53% and 0%, respectively. [Conclusions/Significance]: Our results unravel the potential implication of del(17p11.2) in sCRC patients with liver metastasis as this cytogenetic alteration appears to be intrinsically related to an increased metastatic potential and a poor outcome, providing additional prognostic information to that associated with other cytogenetic alterations such as del(22q11.2). Additional prospective studies in larger series of patients would be required to confirm the clinical utility of the new prognostic markers identified. © 2012 González-González et al.
DescriptionThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.-- et al.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042683
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/123204
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0042683
Identifiersdoi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042683
issn: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:(IBMCC) Artículos
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