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Title

Effects of early season defoliation on above-ground growth of Anthyllis cytisoides , a Mediterranean browse species

AuthorsAlados, Concepción L. ; Barroso, F. G.; García, Lorenzo
KeywordsAnthyllis cytisoides
herbivory
plant compensation
Issue Date1997
PublisherElsevier
CitationJournal of Arid Environments 37(2): 269-283 (1997)
AbstractAnthyllis cytisoidesL. is a traditional forage species, well adapted to grazing pressure, and so might be expected to respond positively to moderate grazing. We performed a hierarchical design analysis of variance with three levels of plant defoliation (10, 50 and 90%) and three of stem defoliation (10, 50 and 90% of shoots removed), in three age classes based on trunk base perimeter (≤11cm, 11–20cm and >20cm). Response to herbivory was measured as total vegetative length, inflorescence length, leaf number, flower number, and the ratio of the number of floral axes to the total number of axes.We found thatA. cytisoidescompensated for herbivory. That is, above-ground growth ofA. cytisoidesincreased with the percentage of plant defoliation, with respect to elongation of the stem and increase in the total flower and leaf number. In contrast, growth following stem defoliation declined in the target stem as stem defoliation increases. Stem defoliation effect was more evident in young plants than in older ones. The increase in plant growth with plant defoliation was seen both in the average growth per floral axes and the number of floral axes per stem. However, only the number of floral axis per stem was responsible for the reduction in stem productivity with experimental defoliation.Stem overcompensation (greater elongation in defoliated stems than control) occurred only in stems suffering 10% defoliation when plants were under medium and high experimental herbivore pressure, indicating the ability ofA. cytisoidesto produce a compensatory response to herbivory. The growth consequences of early season defoliation persist after two growing periods, increasing above-ground growth differences among treatment groups. Effects of early season defoliation on above-ground growth of Anthyllis cytisoides , a Mediterranean browse species (PDF Download Available). Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/248568358_Effects_of_early_season_defoliation_on_above-ground_growth_of_Anthyllis_cytisoides__a_Mediterranean_browse_species [accessed Sep 30, 2015].
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2014.09.0377
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/122818
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jare.1997.0274
ISSN0140-1963
E-ISSN1095-922X
Appears in Collections:(IPE) Artículos
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