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Foregut Morphology and Ontogeny of the Spider Crab Maja brachydactyla (Brachyura, Majoidea, Majidae)

AuthorsCastejón, Diego ; Rotllant, Guiomar ; Ribes, Enric; Durfort, Mercè; Guerao, Guillermo
Gastric mill
Larval development
Issue DateSep-2015
CitationJournal of Morphology 276(9): 1109-1122 (2015)
AbstractWe describe the morphology of the foregut of the spider crab Maja brachydactyla Balss, 1922, from first larval stage to adult, with detailed stage-specific documentation using light and scanning electron microscopy. A total of 40 ossicles have been identified in the foregut of adults of M. brachydactyla using Alizarin-Red staining. The morphological pattern of the ossicles and gastric mill is very similar to other Majoidea species with only a few variations. The foregut of the zoeae stages appeared as a small and simple cavity, with a cardio-pyloric valve that separates the stomach into cardiac and pyloric regions. The pyloric filter is present from the first zoea, in contrast to the brachyuran species which have an extended larval development. Calcified structures have been identified in the cardio-pyloric valve and pyloric region of the zoeal stages. The most significant changes in foregut morphology take place after the metamorphosis from ZII to megalopa, including the occurrence of the gastric mill. In the megalopa stage, the foregut ossicles are recognizable by their organization and general morphology, but are different from the adult phase in shape and number. Moreover, the gastric teeth show important differences: the cusps of the lateral teeth are sharp (no molariform); the dorsal tooth have a small, dentate cusp (not a well-developed quadrangular cusp); and the accessory teeth are composed of one sharp peak (instead of four sharp peaks). The gastric mill ontogeny from megalopa to adult reveals intermediate morphologies during the earlier juvenile stages. The relationship between gastric mill structures with food preferences and their contribution to the brachyuran phylogeny are briefly discussed. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Description14 pages, 5 figures, 1 table
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20404
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/jmor.20404
issn: 0362-2525
e-issn: 1097-4687
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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