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Title

Age and Date for Early Arrival of the Acheulian in Europe (Barranc de la Boella, la Canonja, Spain)

AuthorsVallverdú, Josep ; Rosas, Antonio ; García-Tabernero, Antonio ; Estalrrich, Almudena
KeywordsLa Boella
Early Pleistocene
Large Cutting Tools
Acheulian
Eurasia hominin dispersion
Issue Date30-Jul-2014
PublisherPublic Library of Science
CitationPLoS ONE 9(7): e103634 (2014)
AbstractThe first arrivals of hominin populations into Eurasia during the Early Pleistocene are currently considered to have occurred as short and poorly dated biological dispersions. Questions as to the tempo and mode of these early prehistoric settlements have given rise to debates concerning the taxonomic significance of the lithic assemblages, as trace fossils, and the geographical distribution of the technological traditions found in the Lower Palaeolithic record. Here, we report on the Barranc de la Boella site which has yielded a lithic assemblage dating to ∼1 million years ago that includes large cutting tools (LCT). We argue that distinct technological traditions coexisted in the Iberian archaeological repertoires of the late Early Pleistocene age in a similar way to the earliest sub-Saharan African artefact assemblages. These differences between stone tool assemblages may be attributed to the different chronologies of hominin dispersal events. The archaeological record of Barranc de la Boella completes the geographical distribution of LCT assemblages across southern Eurasia during the EMPT (Early-Middle Pleistocene Transition, circa 942 to 641 kyr). Up to now, chronology of the earliest European LCT assemblages is based on the abundant Palaeolithic record found in terrace river sequences which have been dated to the end of the EMPT and later. However, the findings at Barranc de la Boella suggest that early LCT lithic assemblages appeared in the SW of Europe during earlier hominin dispersal episodes before the definitive colonization of temperate Eurasia took place. © 2014 Vallverdú et al.
DescriptionJosep Vallverdú [et al.].- Received March 2, 2014; Accepted June 30, 2014; Published July 30, 2014
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103634
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/122562
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0103634
Identifiersdoi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103634
issn: 1932-6203
e-issn: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:(MNCN) Artículos
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