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Cost-effective hyperspectral transmissometers for oceanographic applications: Performance analysis

AuthorsRamírez-Pérez, Marta ; Röttgers, Rüdiger; Torrecilla, Elena ; Piera, Jaume
KeywordsBeam transmissometer
Light emitting diodes
Uncertainties assessment
Thermal management
Issue Date26-Aug-2015
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationSensors 15(9): 20967-20989 (2015)
AbstractThe recent development of inexpensive, compact hyperspectral transmissometers broadens the research capabilities of oceanographic applications. These developments have been achieved by incorporating technologies such as micro-spectrometers as detectors as well as light emitting diodes (LEDs) as light sources. In this study, we evaluate the performance of the new commercial LED-based hyperspectral transmissometer VIPER (TriOS GmbH, Rastede, Germany), which combines different LEDs to emulate the visible light spectrum, aiming at the determination of attenuation coefficients in coastal environments. For this purpose, experimental uncertainties related to the instrument stability, the effect of ambient light and derived temperature, and salinity correction factors are analyzed. Our results identify some issues related to the thermal management of the LEDs and the contamination of ambient light. Furthermore, the performance of VIPER is validated against other transmissometers through simultaneous field measurements. It is demonstrated that VIPER provides a compact and cost-effective alternative for beam attenuation measurements in coastal waters, but it requires the consideration of several optimizations. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
Description23 pages, 13 figures, 1 appendix
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s150920967
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/s150920967
issn: 1424-8220
e-issn: 1424-8220
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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